A lush green lawn is a beautiful sight and something that you can be very proud of, but getting your lawn into condition can sometimes feel like black magic. Read on to find some great tips on taking care of your grass lawns and making your neighbours green with envy!
What type of grasses do I need for a shady lawn?
The greatest component needed in a shaded lawn mix is Creeping Red Fescue – this binds the lawn together, forming a dense and compact turf and will tolerate drought. Smooth Stalked Meadow Grass is added to this – providing a hardwearing turf which is again drought tolerant. Chewings Fescue tolerates close mowing, and being drought resistant will grow in dry areas on most soils. Bentgrass may be the final component in the mix which will provide a lush dense mat and good winter greenness.
What type of grasses do I need for a family lawn?
A family lawn needs to be wear tolerant, often being an area that is frequently used by children and pets. The main ingredient for this type of lawn will be a perennial ryegrass. This will tolerate most soils and conditions, is course in texture and above all is hard wearing. Creeping Red Fescue may be added to this mixture to bind the lawn together.
What type of grasses do I need for a luxury lawn?
A luxury lawn is sown to create a smooth texture, uniform colour and even appearance. To achieve this Creeping Red Fescue is used to bind the lawn together, Chewings Fescue is added to tolerate the close mowing and Bentgrass will provide the good winter greenness.
What do I do about moss?
Moss is an indication of soil compaction – with the moss thriving on the layer of moisture that is unable to drain away on the surface of the lawn. To avoid moss, aerate the lawn frequently to improve drainage and avoid scalping the lawn when mowing. Chemical moss killers are available in liquid and dry forms as a lawn turf dressing. They must be carefully applied following the packet instructions and once the moss has turned black or brown it can be scarified and disposed of.
What do I do if my dog urinates on the lawn and kills the grass?
Brown patches can be caused by the urine of bitches. Spike the area straight away and water immediately to reduce the burning effect.
When should I prepare a lawn for seeding?
Ideally seeding should be down in the spring (April – May) or autumn (September – mid-October). As the lawn takes 4-6 months to establish and become usable, autumn is often the preferred time to sow. Sowing at this time will also mean the lawn seed is watered with natural rainfall – saving the need to use a sprinkler. Weed seedlings are also less of a problem in the autumn than in the spring.
What do I do about thatch?
Thatch is a build up of dead bits of grass and tough horizontal stalks that knit together on the surface of the soil beneath the lawn. Thatch acts as an umbrella, preventing rain from getting down to the roots. The only way to remove thatch is by raking regularly. Autumn is the best time to do this.
How often should I cut the lawn?
The lawn needs cutting as and when it grows! In the spring this could be twice a week. Regular mowing produces a greener, denser, harder-wearing lawn. If left to grow to long, then cut short, you will cut down into the thick yellow/brown stems at the base of the plants giving the lawn a rather sickly appearance. Depending on the size of your lawn, you can use electric, petrol or ride on mowers to help you quickly keep it in good shape.
When should I fertilise the lawn?
The most important time to feed the lawn is in late spring at the start of the growing season. You can keep feeding every six weeks through the autumn to keep the grass really lush. Use a feed that is high in nitrogen during spring and summer to produce a rich green lawn. In autumn switch to a fertiliser that’s low in nitrogen, but high in phosphate and potash – this will toughen the roots ready for winter.
What should I do about weeds?
The odd weed can be spot treated or dug out by hand. For more widespread control using a chemical weedkiller over a large area will be more beneficial. If weeds are persistent you may need to re-apply the chemicals around six weeks later. Always use weedkillers with great care, ensuring that it does not soak into borders, water features or nearby streams.